From The Town Hall to the Parish Churches

The area with the greatest concentration of monuments is the Square for those who have fallen in war Piazza Caduti in Guerra. From here you can access the area of the Neolithic necropolis of Binza ‘e Josso, made up of 6 “Houses of the Fairies” tombs domus de janas with interesting traces of reuse, some of which have been transformed into plants for the production of wine or in servants’ rooms for the baronial building. At the centre of the Square for those fallen in the war, there is the monument for those fallen Monumento ai Caduti realized following the end of the First World War to encourage the inhabitants of the village to draw upon their own resources to honour those fallen in the war. At the edge of the Square is The Town Hall, designed by Ing. Achille Dettori at the end of the XIX century, together with the civic market and the ex-slaughterhouse annex, built on the remains of the building of The Duca Manca, which was destroyed during the anti-feudal uprisings. The prison tower dates back to the period of feudal domination: it has a protective function being the old access to the village; during the XVIII and XIX centuries it was equipped with extra rooms to allow it to be used as a district prison. From the Piazza Caduti we move towards via Matteotti, by the Tiesini called the “carrela ‘e puttu” (well road) for the presence of a well that in the past supplied drinking water to the most part of the population, before the construction of the public aqueduct. At the beginning of the road, on the left, we find “Sa falada de Santu Juanne,” cobblestone steps that in the past served as access to the village from the east, by which we can reach the chiesa di S. Giovanni, to be found in a beautiful natural context, rich in water and vegetation. The church has one nave and was presumably built around the XVII century and is important not so much for its architecture but for its religious and popular tradition of pagan origin that is remembered the night of 23 June, the eve of the festival, around a great fire in the area of the church yard. Under the direction of urban road planning, a gallery of about 50 metres pays testimony to the various urban interventions that have taken place in the last century. From the road we can capture one of the most beautiful views of the bell tower, and at the corner of via Garau, where in the past the antique Roman style parish dedicated to The Madonna of Nevi was to be found, demolished in 1924, we can see one of the first buildings destined for the storage and seasoning of cheese. From the other side of the road on the lateral walls of a humble house, we can see the low reliefs realised by Signor Leoni, a local sculptor who for his own pleasure enhanced his house with subjects that characterise his life. A little further on the chiesa settecentesca di San Filippo Neri, from its simple renaissance outside split in two articulated pieces from an elevated frame; some people maintain that in the past it was the private chapel of Filippo Flores, a nobleman of the village. Along all that road some houses are visible on a floor that can be attributed to the first medieval building in the village, built with basic techniques, yet solid and robust. Some of these houses, as well as being used as simple habitations, were used as deposits, wood stores or artisanal laboratories. Many of them, besides, here as in all the historical centre, were the property residences of the local middle bourgeois, developed in the first half of the XIX century and the first thirty years of the 1900s. In particular, on this road the Casa Flores Serralutzu can be singled out by a particular architrave front door. Finally there is the Asilo infantile S. Michele road, built at the end of the XIX century with donations from all the population, with the objective of helping orphans and children; the building is characterised by its beautiful exterior in which we can observe the typical neo-classical characters with aspects of liberty style.

Once we have reached piazza S. Vittoria, before proceeding to visit the church, it is important to observe the buildings of neo-classical inspiration that surround the square: the parish house (1892) and Fanny Porqueddu house, residence of a rich Tiesina family. In general, the historical houses of the village have an exterior aspect which is very plain while inside they boast refined furnishings, often painted, which express the aesthetic tastes of the period in which they were finally completed.

The Parish church, dedicated to Santa Vittoria, was erected at the end of the XV century in Gothic-Catalan form. The outside has a smooth fronton and is decorated with an elegant polychromatic rose window and the door is mounted with an architrave sculpted with the images of nine saints, closed in a flowered arch. The bell tower was built in the 1600s on the right side of the building, which stood on a square base that later became octagonal and is covered with a small dome. The inside has a single apsidal nave with lateral chapels. Amongst its works there is a wooden pulpit (XV cent.), the altar piece of S. Vittoria a work by the maestro Francesco Pinna (XVII cent.) and numerous other pictures and sacred relics which are kept in the local sacristy.

An underpass connects piazza S. Vittoria with the low part of via Marconi where, adjacent to the ecclesiastical building, we can see the Monte Granatico, founded in the XVIII century to counter the period of economic recession with help to the farmers. Following this, on our left, we reach the Piazza E. D’Arborea, the heart of the village until a few years ago, recently decorated with a mural dedicated to dairy production. From here a small side road takes us into Corso Vittorio Emanuele II, the principle street in the centre, known as the horsemen’s road rione Sos Cavalieris due to the fact that it is on this road that we find the most part of the private houses of the ancient nobility of Thiesi. Amongst these, we may note for its size the Casa Garau Grondona, from its plain and regular outside and its insides in the form of a cross, some of which are decorated. It is maintained that the building was the Headquarters for the Thiesi garrison and that in 1800 it was donated to Generale Grondona as recompense for the success against the rebels previously cited in annu de s’attaccu.

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